[DWJ] corporal punishment

S. Worthen sworthen at owlfish.com
Thu Mar 10 10:54:24 EST 2011

On Mar 10, 2011, at 6:33 AM, Gili Bar-Hillel wrote:

> Beatings were
> considered an inseparable part of education.

	To such a degree, looking back still further, that medieval and  
early modern images of school teachers can be often be easily  
identified because the teacher holds a whip or a stick, in addition  
to a text. This is particularly true of personifications of Grammar,  
the first of the trivium of the liberal arts.  Here's one of the  
better-known Grammars, from the eastern façade of Chartres: http:// 

	But I suspect you were interested in more modern material!


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