[DWJ] corporal punishment
sworthen at owlfish.com
Thu Mar 10 10:54:24 EST 2011
On Mar 10, 2011, at 6:33 AM, Gili Bar-Hillel wrote:
> Beatings were
> considered an inseparable part of education.
To such a degree, looking back still further, that medieval and
early modern images of school teachers can be often be easily
identified because the teacher holds a whip or a stick, in addition
to a text. This is particularly true of personifications of Grammar,
the first of the trivium of the liberal arts. Here's one of the
better-known Grammars, from the eastern façade of Chartres: http://
But I suspect you were interested in more modern material!
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